16th December 2019 Daily Current Affairs:
EU warns of ‘challenging’ timeframe for U.K. trade deal
- European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen warned of the tight timing for securing a trade deal with Britain, hours after Boris Johnson’s Conservatives won a crushing election victory.
- EU Council President Charles Michel warned that the 27 member states would not accept a deal blindly, stressing that the bloc would insist that Britain respect European norms to win the deal.
- EU is worried about the breakneck speed with which Mr. Johnson would like to strike a trade deal with Europe and any British effort to undermine the unity among the remaining 27 members.
- In a text released after the talks, the 27 EU leaders called for “as close as possible a future relationship with the U.K.” while warning that it “will have to be based on a balance of rights and obligations and ensure a level playing field”.
- EU chief negotiator Michel Barnier will direct trade negotiations, which the leaders will follow closely “and provide further guidance as necessary, fully consistent with the EU's best interest,” conclusions added.
- Johnson has until July 1 to ask for a trade talks extension.
- If he refuses to extend the negotiation period, a no-deal Brexit will loom at the end of 2020.
- The Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly has passed the Andhra Pradesh Disha Bill, 2019 (Andhra Pradesh Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 2019).
- Disha is the name given to a veterinarian who was raped and murdered in Hyderabad on November 27.
Key features of the Bill:
- It envisages the completion of investigation in seven days and trial in 14 working days, where there is adequate conclusive evidence, and reducing the total judgment time to 21 days from the existing four months.
- It prescribes life imprisonment for other sexual offences against children and includes Section 354 F and 354 G in IPC.
- In cases of harassment of women through social or digital media, the Act states two years imprisonment for the first conviction and four years for second and subsequent convictions. For this, a new Section 354 E will be added in IPC, 1860.
- As per the Bill, the Andhra Pradesh government will establish, operate and maintain a register in electronic form, to be called the ‘Women & Children Offenders Registry’. This registry will be made public and will be available to law enforcement agencies.
- The government will establish exclusive special courts in each district to ensure speedy trial. These courts will exclusively deal with cases of offences against women and children including rape, acid attacks, stalking, voyeurism, social media harassment of women, sexual harassment and all cases under the POCSO Act.
- The government will constitute special police teams at the district level to be called District Special Police Team to be headed by DSP for investigation of offences related to women and children.
- The government will also appoint a special public prosecutor for each exclusive special court.
Gujarat Police honoured with President’s Colours
- Gujarat Police was recently honoured with President’s Colour for its services and courage.
- This honour is the biggest honor given by the President to the Armed Forces, Para Military Forces and State Police Forces.
- Gujarat Police has become the 7th such police force in the country which has received this honour.
- Till now Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, and Assam had received this honor.
- Gujarat Police will wear 'President’s Colour' on the left shoulder of uniform on special occasions including a parade.
President’s Colour procedure
- This honour is awarded to the police for service, valor, bravery, and martyrdom. Those armed forces, paramilitary or state police force completes 25 years, can apply for this honour.
- This award is given by the President. After that, the Ministry of Home Affairs constituted the committee of CRPF, BSF, CBI, RAW, Intelligence Bureau (IB), Odisha Police and Director General of Police of Himachal Pradesh.
- This committee evaluated the work, resources, weapons, department, efficiency, technique, and strength of Gujarat Police. Then its report was sent to the Prime Minister of India and President of India.
- After getting the approval from the President, on March 6, 2019, the Gujarat Police received official information that the President has approved the Gujarat Police to give the President's colours.
Vijay Diwas celebrated across India:
- On December 16, 2019, India commemorated its victory over Pakistan in the war of 1971.
- India fought against Pakistan helping Bangladesh obtain its freedom and won the war. On the very same day, Bangladesh celebrates its independence.
- In order to commemorate India’s victory and to pay tribute to the soldiers who fought in the war, the three army chiefs reached war memorial in Delhi.
- They paid tribute to the brave soldiers who lost their lives in the war.
- PM Modi and Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and other senior leaders paid tribute to the soldiers as well.
- It was on this day, Pakistan army surrendered with 93,000 soldiers.
- India and Pakistan confronted each other with their military forces over freedom of Bangladesh for 13 days between 3rd December, 1971 and 16 December, 1971.
- The armies clashed with one another in the eastern and western fronts.
- The war ended on December 16, 1971 after the armies signed Instrument of Surrender, announcing Bangladesh a new nation.