11th July 2019 Daily Current Affairs Analysis:
World Population Day 2019:
- India will have largest population by 2100
- World Population Day observed with an aim to bring people’s attention towards population related issues and to sort them out with various development plans.
- The Day has been observed since 30 years and issues are still growing.
- When first world population was observed it was 5.25 billion people were sharing planet earth but today population is near to cross the mark of 7.7 billion.
- According to data provided by Pew Research Center India will try to accommodate 1450 million people in year 2100. Projecting comparison between year 1950 and 2100 Pew Research Center claims that India will surpass China by 2100.
Plea for human rights courts across India: Supreme Court seeks Centre’s response
- A bench headed by Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi issued a notice to all 29 states on the plea, which also sought the appointment of SPPs for conducting a speedy trial of offence
- The Human Rights Act had called for the establishment of special courts in each district to conduct speedy trial of offences arising out of violation and abuse of human rights.
- Section 30 of the Act envisages that a State government, with the concurrence of the Chief Justice of High Court, by notification, specify for each district a court of session as a court of human rights for the speedy trial of violation of rights.
- Whereas Section 31 of the Act provides the State government to specify and appoint a special public prosecutor in that court.
- The petition filed by a law student, Bhavika Phore, sought direction to the Centre for providing sufficient and adequate funds for setting up of human rights court in all 725 districts in 29 states and seven Union Territories in a time-bound manner
Full Rehearsal of Chandrayaan 2:
- The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) said it conducted a dry run till late on Monday of all operations related to the Chandrayaan-2 lunar mission, scheduled for launch next week.
- The full-dress rehearsal was conducted at ISRO’s launch centre at Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh, a week before the launch of India’s second lunar mission in 11 years.
- Chandrayaan-2 is designed to place a lander and a robotic rover near the lunar south pole, a site that has not been explored by any country yet.
- Only Russia, the U.S. and China have soft-landed on moon so far.
- Chandrayaan-2 will take off at 2.51 a.m. on July 15. The spacecraft is due to land on the moon on September 6.
- Soon after the launch, the spacecraft — the orbiter carrying the lander-rover combine — must complete five orbit-raising manoeuvres around the earth. It will leave the planet’s atmosphere 16 days later, around early August.
- The journey to the moon, some 3.84 lakh kilometres away from the earth, will take five days.
- However, once it goes near the moon, the spacecraft will do another round of manoeuvres and orbit the moon for 27 days before the lander separates to touch down on the lunar surface.
- ISRO is using its heavy lift launcher, the GSLV-MkIII, to launch the ₹978-crore Chandrayaan-2.
- The spacecraft weighs 3,840 kg. The previous orbiter-only mission was launched on the PSLV in October 2008.
2nd India – Russia Strategic Economic Dialogue:
- The 2nd India-Russia Strategic Economic Dialogue (IRSED) was held in New Delhi.
- It took place under chairmanship of Dr. Rajiv Kumar, Vice-Chairman of NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog and Mr. TimurMaksimov, Deputy Minister of Economic Development of Russian Federation.
- It was established after a bilateral MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) was signed between India’s NITI Aayog and Russia’s Ministry of Economic Development of Russian Federation. The MoU was signed during 19th edition of Annual India-Russia Bilateral Summit which was held on 5 October 2018, in New Delhi.
- 1st IRSED was held in St. Petersburg in Russia from 25-26 November 2018.
- It was chaired by Russia’s Minister of Economic Development of Russian Federation Mr. Maxim Oreshkin and Dr. Rajiv Kumar, Vice-Chairman of NITI Aayog.
- Development of Transport Infrastructure and Technologies
- Development of Agriculture and Agro-Processing sector
- Small and Medium Business support
- Digital Transformation and Frontier Technologies
- Cooperation in Trade, Banking, Finance, and Industry
- Tourism & Connectivity.
- The French government is set to impose tax of up to €18 on plane tickets for all flights from airports in France. It is aimed to fund less-polluting transportation projects.
- This move by French government to impose green tax on plane tickets will take effect from 2020 which means all tickets for outbound flights from French airports will include a green tax from 2020.
- It will only be applied on outgoing flights and not those flying into country.
- It will see a tax of €1.5 imposed on economy-class tickets on internal flights and those within Europe. The highest tariff of €18 per ticket will be applied to business-class travellers flying outside bloc.
- This new measure by France is expected to bring in about €182 million per year to its economy which will be invested in greener transport infrastructures, mainly rail.
- In April 2018, a similar tax was introduced in Sweden, which imposed an added charge of up to €40 on every ticket. This was in a bid to lessen impact of air travel on climate.