28 May 2019 Daily Current Affairs

NGT asks CPCB to exercise power, take action against private developer

  • The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has directed the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) to “exercise its statutory power for prosecution” and take action against a private developer in Gurugram for allegedly encroaching green areas and extracting groundwater illegally.
  • A Bench headed by NGT chairperson Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel took note of a report submitted by a tribunal appointed committee that pointed to deficiencies made by Ansal Properties and Infrastructure Limited, the project proponent for Sushant Lok, Phase-I, Gurugram.
  • Noting that despite the report of the committee no action has been taken, the Bench said, “A pollution board is entitled to disconnect the electricity and water supply and take measures for stopping illegal activities as condition for continuing consent to establish or to operate. Let such further steps be taken in accordance with law and further report be furnished,” the Bench observed.
  • In the report, the apex pollution monitoring body also suggested that the Central Ground Water Authority (CGWA) “should determine compensation for illegal extraction of groundwater.”
  • However, the green panel held, “We are of the view that such powers can be exercised by the CPCB itself by giving directions under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.”
  • The directions came when the green panel was hearing a plea that alleged encroachment of green areas, extraction of groundwater and violation of other statutory norms by Ansal Properties.



Veer Savarkar:

  • In Pune, Savarkar founded the “Abhinav Bharat Society”.
  • He was also involved in the Swadeshi movement and later joined Tilak’s Swaraj Party.
  • In June 1906, Veer Savarkar, left for London to become Barrister.
  • He united and inflamed the Indian students in England against British rule in India. He founded the Free India Society.
  • He believed and advocated the use of arms to free India from the British and created a network of Indians in England, equipped with weapons.
  • In 1908, brought out an authentic informative researched work on The Great Indian Revolt, which the British termed as “Sepoy Mutiny” of 1857.
  • The book was called “The Indian War of Independence 1857”. The British government immediately enforced a ban on the publication in both Britain and India.
  • Later, it was published by Madame Bhikaiji Cama in Holland, and was smuggled into India to reach revolutionaries working across the country against British rule.
  • When the then British Collector of Nasik, A.M.T. Jackson was shot by a youth, Veer Savarkar finally fell under the net of the British authorities.
  • He was implicated in the murder citing his connections with India House. Savarkar was arrested in London on March 13, 1910 and sent to India.
  • In 1920, many prominent freedom fighters including Vithalbhai Patel, Mahatma Gandhi and Bal Gangadhar Tilak demanded the release of Savarkar.
  • On May 2, 1921, Savarkar was moved to Ratnagiri jail, and from there to the Yeravada jail. In Ratnagiri jail Savarkar wrote the book ‘Hindutva: who is hindu?’
  • Vinayak Savarkar was a president of Hindu Mahasabha from 1937 to 1943. When congress ministries offered resignation on 22nd oct 1939, Hindu mahaasabha under his leadership cooperated with Muslim league to form government in provinces like Sindh, Bengal and NWFP.



BIMSTEC leaders invited in oath taking ceremony of Modi:

  • India has invited the leaders of the BIMSTEC Member States for the swearing-in ceremony of PM Modi on Thursday evening.
  • Ministry of External Affairs, MEA said that invitations have also been sent to the President of Kyrgyzstan Sooronbay Jeenbekov who is the current Chair of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Mauritius Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth, the Chief Guest at this year's Pravasi Bhartiya Divas.
  • MEA spokesperson Raveesh Kumar said in response to a media query, this is in line with the Government's focus on its 'Neighbourhood First' policy.
  • The BIMSTEC, or the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation, member states are: Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Nepal and Bhutan including India.


Why BIMSTEC is importamt?

  • The Bay of Bengal is the largest bay in the world. Over one-fifth (22%) of the world’s population live in the seven countries around it, and they have a combined GDP close to $2.7 trillion.
  • Despite economic challenges, all the countries in the region have been able to sustain average annual rates of economic growth between 3.4% and 7.5% from 2012 to 2016.
  • The Bay also has vast untapped natural resources. One-fourth of the world’s traded goods cross the Bay every year