Vishwesha Tirtha Swami of Pejawar Mutt passes away , Dvaita Vedant


Dvaita School:

  • Vishwesha Theertha Swami, head of the Sri Pejawar Adokshaja Matha and one of the leading lights of the Ramjanmabhoomi movement, passed away in Udupi, Karnataka.
  • Founded by Sri Madhvacharya, the Sri Pejawar Adokshaja Matha in Udupi is one of the Ashta Mathas belonging to the Dvaita school of Hindu theology.

 

Advait Vedant:

  • Vedanta means Veda end or the purpose or goal of the Vedas. It was given by Badrayana or Maharishi Vyasa, who is one of the 7 chiranjivis and wrote “Mahabharta”.
  • The proponent of the Dvaita was Madhwāchārya. This theory is also known as Tatvavādā – The Philosophy of Reality.
  • It identifies God in the Brahman (Universe) and its incarnations such as Vishnu and Krishna.
  • It says that all individual souls (jīvātmans) and matter as eternal are mutually separate entities.
  • According to Dvaita, Jivatma are many and Paramatma is one. Concerning the soul Madhvacharya says that no two souls are alike.
  • They each have different characteristics, different states of happiness/sorrow...the soul becomes similar to God in some respects when it is liberated, yet even in these respects it is much inferior to God.

 

Key facts:

  • Madhva's Dualistic view, along with Shankara's Advaita (Nondualism) and Ramanuja's Vishishtadvaita (Qualified Nondualism), form some of the core Indian beliefs on the nature of reality.
  • Madhva is considered one of the influential theologians in Hindu history. He revitalized a Hindu monotheism despite attacks, theological and physical, by outsiders. Great leaders of the Vaishnava Bhakti movement in Karnataka, Purandara Dasa and Kanaka Dasa for example, were strong proponents of the Dvaita tradition. The famous Hindu saint, Raghavendra Swami, was a leading figure in the Dvaita tradition.
  • Madhva's theology heavily influenced those of later scholars such as Nimbarka, Vallabha and Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. B.N.K. Sharma notes that Nimbarka's theology is a loose réchauffé of Madhva's in its most essential aspects. Vallabha even "borrowed without acknowledgement" a verse from Madhva's sarva-shAstrArtha-sangraha. The followers of Caitanya claim a link to Madhva.
  • Madhva's singular contribution was to offer a new insight and analysis of the classical Vedantic texts, the Vedas, Upanishads, Brahma Sutra, Mahabharata, Pancharatra and Puranas, and place uncompromising Dvaita thought, which had been ravaged by attacks from Advaita, on a firm footing.
  • Before Madhva, nondualism was rejected by others, such as the Mimamsa tradition of Vedic exegesis, and by the Nyaya tradition of classical logic.
  • However, it was only he who built a cogent, alternative system of Vedantic interpretation that could take on Advaita in full measure.

 

Pejawar Mutt:

  • Sri Madhavacharya established the Pejavar Math and seven other maths known as ashta maths in Udupi and in Karnataka.
  • The main purpose of the maths is to propagate bhakti, dharma and hilosophical truths, along with the duty of performing aradhana and puja of Udupi Sri Krishna.
  • The Mutts have been named after the villages they were located - Palimaru, Adumaru, Krishnapura, Puttige, Shiroor, Sode, Kaniyooru and Pejavara
  • All eight mutts have their headquarters around the Udupi Shri Krishna Mutt.
  • The eight Mutts have a deity for daily worship, which are avatars of Lord Vishnu.
  • Pejawar Mutt’s main branch is situated at the Pejawara village, in Mangaluru.
  • In the guru parampara lineage Vishweshateertha is 34th to head the Mutt in 1952, the first being Madhvacharya himself (1238).
  • Vishwa Prasanna Teertha is the junior pontiff of this Mutt.