Hyperloop Transportation Technology


 

Hyperloop:

  • Hyperloop is a new form of ground transport currently in development by a number of companies, which could see passengers travelling at 700 miles an hour in floating pods within low-pressure tubes.
  • Hyperloop is the first new major mode of transportation in 100 years. It’s designed to be safe, energy efficient, and reliable. 

 

Background:

  • The idea of using low pressure or vacuum tubes as part of a transport system has a long heritage.
  • One clear predecessor of the Hyperloop is the 'vactrain' concept developed by Robert Goddard early in the twentieth century; since then, many similar ideas have been proposed without much success.
  • Elon Musk's version of the concept incorporates reduced-pressure tubes in which pressurizedcapsules ride on air bearings driven by linear induction motors and axial compressors.

 

Key facts:

  • The Hyperloop is the brainchild of Tesla CEO Elon Musk, who proposed hyperloop as “fifth mode of transport” in a white paper back in 2013.
  • Musk envisioned a train that would allow people to travel between Los Angeles and San Francisco – a journey that currently takes around six hours by car - in about 30 minutes.
  • Passengers or cargo are loaded into the hyperloop vehicle and accelerate gradually via electric propulsion through a low-pressure tube.
  • The vehicle floats above the track using magnetic levitation and glides at airline speeds for long distances due to ultra-low aerodynamic drag.
  • Virgin Hyperloop One systems will be built on columns or tunneled below ground to avoid dangerous grade crossings and wildlife.
  • It’s fully autonomous and enclosed, eliminating pilot error and weather hazards. It’s safe and clean, with no direct carbon emissions.
  • Hyperloop technology is still in development even though the basic concept has been around for many years.
  • At the moment, the earliest any Hyperloop is likely to be up and running is 2021.

 

What makes it different?

  • There are two big differences between Hyperloop and tradition rail system.
  • The pods carrying passengers travel through tubes or tunnels from which most of the air has been removed to reduce friction.
  • This should allow the pods to travel at up to 750 miles per hour.
  • Rather than using wheels like a train or car, the pods are designed to float on air skis, using the same basic idea as an air hockey table, or use magnetic levitation to reduce friction.
  • A number of different companies are working to turn the idea into a functioning commercial system.

 

Why Hyperloop is significance?

  • A growing global economy requires faster, cheaper, eco friendly and more efficient transportation modes.
  • Traditional transports system such as roads, airports, and ports are congested.
  • Hyperloop is challenging all modes of transport in the race against time. 
  • The world haven’t had a major new form of transport in last century, and we’re due for one, especially one that is ultra-fast, on-demand, direct, emission-free, energy efficient, quiet and has a smaller footprint than other high-speed transport modes.
  • Hyperloop is additive to existing forms of transportation and will integrate seamlessly with the transport ecosystem.

 

Benefits:

  • Some argue that Hyperloop could be cheaper and faster than trains and car travel, and cheaper and less polluting than air travel.
  • It is quicker and cheaper to build than traditional high-speed rail; as such, Hyperloop could take the pressure off gridlocked roads, making travel between cities easier and potentially unlocking major economic benefits as a result.

 

Criticism:

  • Criticism of Musk’s Hyperloop comes from doubts about the technology and the project's economics.
  • In Musk’s proposal, he initially estimated the total cost of the project to be roughly $6 billion.
  • Speeds over 700 mph would surpass any commercial mode of transportation currently available.
  • These extreme speeds would subject passengers to uncomfortable and frightening forces rendering the system unrideable.
  • What's more, the Hyperloop is capable of carrying just 3,360 passengers each hour (if they can withstand the g-forces).
  • Comparatively, a freeway lane can carry 2,000 cars per hour, a subway transports 36,000 passengers per hour, and the California High Speed Rail is estimated to carry 12,000 passengers per hour. 

 

In India:

  • Hyperloop Transportation Technologies are in process to sign a Letter of Intent with the Indian Government for a proposed route between Chennai and Bengaluru.
  • If things go as planned, the distance of 345 km could be covered in 30 minutes. 
  • HTT also signed an agreement with Andhra Pradesh government to build India's first Hyperloop project connecting Amaravathi to Vijayawada in a 6-minute ride.
  • On February 22, 2018, Hyperloop One has entered into a MOU (Memorandum of Understanding) with the Government of Maharashtra to build a hyperloop transportation system between Mumbai and Pune that would cut the travel time from the current 180 minutes to just 20 minutes.
  • Indore-based Dinclix GroundWorks' DGWHyperloop advocates a Hyperloop corridor between Mumbai and Delhi, via Indore, Kota, and Jaipur.

 

Hyperloop is one of the most advanced technologies in transportation to date, and it has created a massive shift in human ingenuity.

 

 

 

 

 

Source: Hyperloop-one, SpaceX