National Policy on Electronics 2019 UPSC SSC CGL


National Electronic Policy 2019:

 

  • The Union Cabinet on 19th Feb, gave its approval to the National Policy on Electronics 2019 (NPE 2019), proposed by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY).
  • The Policy envisions positioning India as a global hub for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing - (ESDM) by encouraging and driving capabilities in the country for developing core components, including chipsets, and creating an enabling environment for the industry to compete globally.
  • The National Electronics Policy 2019 proposes to boost mobile manufacturing in the country to 1 billion units worth $190 billion (about ₹13 lakh crore) of which 600 million units worth $110 billion (about ₹7 lakh crore) will be exported from the country.
  • Under the policy, the government aims to push manufacturing of strategic electronics required by defence and other strategic sector in the country.
  • The first electronics policy came in 2012.

 

Objectives of the Policy

  • Create eco-system for globally competitive ESDM sector and Promoting domestic manufacturing and export in the entire value-chain of ESDM.
  • Providing incentives and support for manufacturing of core electronic components in India.
  • Providing a special package of incentives for mega projects which are extremely high-tech and entail huge investments, such as semiconductor facilities display fabrication, etc.
  • Formulate suitable schemes and incentive mechanisms to encourage new units and expansion of existing units.
  • Promote Industry-led R&D and innovation in all sub-sectors of electronics, including grass root level innovations and early stage Start-ups in emerging technology areas such as 5G, loT/ Sensors, Artificial Intelligence (Al), Machine Learning, Virtual Reality (VR), Drones,   Robotics,   Additive   Manufacturing,   Photonics,   Nano-based devices, etc.
  • Providing incentives and support for significantly enhancing the availability of skilled manpower, including re-skilling.
  • Special focus on Fabless  Chip  Design  Industry,  Medical Electronic Devices Industry, Automotive Electronics Industry and Power Electronics for Mobility and Strategic Electronics Industry.
  • Create a Sovereign Patent Fund (SPF) to promote the development and acquisition of IPs in the ESDM sector.
  • Promote trusted electronics value chain initiatives to improve national cybersecurity profile.
  • Several schemes, initiatives, projects and measures for the development of the ESDM sector in the country will be formulated to achieve the objectives of the policy.

 

Implementation and Targets:

  • The Policy will lead to the formulation of several schemes, initiatives, projects and measures for the development of ESDM sector in the country as per the roadmap envisaged therein.
  • Targets: Promote domestic manufacturing and export in the entire value-chain of ESDM for economic development to achieve a turnover of USD 400 billion by 2025.
  • This will include targeted production of 1.0 billion mobile handsets by 2025, valued at USD 190 billion, including600 million mobile handsets valued at USD 110 billion for export.

 

Impact:

  • It will enable flow of investment and technology, leading to higher value addition in the domestically manufactured electronic products, increased electronics hardware manufacturing in the country and their export, while generating substantial employment opportunities.